The Renal Diet- Potassium
Potassium helps to keep your nerves and muscles, especially your heart, working properly. Too much potassium can make your heart beat irregularly or even stop without warning.
Foods that are High in Potassium: Bananas, Broccoli, Chocolate, Oranges, Potatoes, Coffee (limit to 2 cups per day), Cantaloupe, Tomatoes, Salt Substitute, Prunes, Mushrooms, Bran, Raisins, Greens, Apricots
Low-Potassium Foods Include: Apples, Beans (green or wax), Rice, Grapes, Cucumber Noodles, Pears, Onions, Watermelon, Lettuce, Cereal, Cranberries, Carrots, Bread, Cherries
It is important to remember that almost all foods contain potassium.
The Renal Diet- Protein
Protein is needed to maintain muscles, aid in building resistance to infections, and repair and replace body tissue. As your body breaks down protein foods, waste products called urea are formed. As kidney function declines, urea builds up in the bloodstream. Eating too much protein may cause urea to build up more quickly. You need both high quality and low quality protein in your diet.
Foods High in Protein: Meat, Poultry, Milk Products, Eggs
Foods Low in Protein: Fresh Beans (pinto, kidney, navy), Grains, Vegetables
The Renal Diet- Sodium
Sodium is needed by the body for many functions such as controlling muscle contractions, balancing fluids, and controlling blood pressure. Healthy kidneys remove excess sodium in the urine. As kidney function declines, sodium and fluids may accumulate in your body. Fluid retention may cause swelling in your eyes, hands, and/or ankles. To keep your sodium level in balance, you should limit the sodium in your diet.
Foods High in Sodium Include: Table Salt, Bouillon Cubes, Potato Chips, Nuts, Bacon, Cold Cuts, Cheese, Canned, Dehydrated, or Instant Soup, Canned Vegetables, Processed Dinner Mixes (such as Hamburger Helper, Rice-a-Roni)
Low Sodium Alternatives: Season with a variety of spices like Garlic, Oregano, Lemon and Salt Substitute